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Today we are going to solve simple problems involving the addition and subtraction of money and giving change.


Remember, to work through the problem step by step.

1.    Find the total by adding together

2.    Find the change by subtracting



I want to buy 1 apple and 1 pear. How much change will I get from 20p? Talk to your child about working through this step by step. What do I need to do first? Find the total cost of the two items. Now move on to discussing the finding of change. Talk about subtracting and finding the difference as strategies. Remind your child that finding the difference on this occasion can be done by using number bonds to 20. What goes with 15p to make 20p?